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08.05 How to Use a Drill Press

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  1. Choose the correct drill bit for the material you are drilling. There are many different types of drill bits, each designed for a specific material. For example, you would use a different type of drill bit to drill wood than you would to drill metal.
  2. Set the speed of the drill press. The speed of the drill press will depend on the material you are drilling and the size of the drill bit you are using. Consult a drill press speed chart to determine the correct speed.
  3. Secure the workpiece to the drill press table. The workpiece is the material you are drilling. Use a clamp or vise to secure it to the drill press table so that it cannot move while you are drilling.
  4. Position the drill bit over the desired hole location. Use the depth gauge to adjust the depth of the hole you want to drill.
  5. Turn on the drill press and slowly lower the drill bit into the workpiece. Apply light pressure to the drill bit as you are lowering it.
  6. Once the hole has been drilled, release the pressure on the drill bit and allow it to return to its starting position.
  7. Turn off the drill press.

Drill Press Safety

  • Always wear safety glasses when using a drill press.
  • Keep your hands away from the drill bit while it is rotating.
  • Make sure the workpiece is securely clamped to the drill press table before you start drilling.
  • Use a depth gauge to control the depth of the hole you are drilling.
  • Do not force the drill bit. If the drill bit is binding, stop drilling and clear the obstruction.

Drill Press Tips:

  • If you are drilling a deep hole, withdraw the drill bit periodically to clear the chips.
  • Use a lubricant on the drill bit to reduce friction and heat.
  • If you are drilling a hole in metal, use a cutting fluid to cool the drill bit and prevent it from overheating.